The Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) is responsible for welfare and
pension policy. It is the biggest public service delivery department in the UK,
servicing over 20 million customers. Jobcentre Plus (JCP) is an executive agency
of the Department for Work and Pensions. It provides services that support people
of working age from welfare into work, and helps employers to fill their vacancies.
The Skills Funding Agency (SFA) is an agency of the Department for Business,
Innovation and Skills, and funds and regulates adult further education and skills
training in England. The SFA invests £4 billion per year in training programmes
for adults to enable people to do their jobs better, get new jobs, or progress in
their careers, and to play their part in growing England’s economy. The SFA allocates
funding to organisations who have discretion over expenditure to meet the needs
of local businesses and communities.
The European Social Fund (ESF) aims to improve employment opportunities in
the European Union and so help raise standards of living. It aims to support unemployed
and disadvantaged people to fulfil their potential through better job prospects.
ESF also equips the workforce with the skills needed by business in a competitive
global economy. The 2007-2013 England ESF programme is investing £5 billion over
seven years of which £2.5 billion is from the ESF and £2.5 billion is national funding.
The Mayor of London plays a key role in running London. He sets a citywide
vision of improvement, develops strategies and policies to realise the vision and
provides funding and encouragement to help make it a reality.